The Art of the Gold Gilding Process

  • May 6, 2019

The gold gilding is very detailed and artistic. It takes time to master such skills, but it is also an opportunity to offer something unique and amazing at the same time. The process allows the fine details of various pieces of furniture to come to life. Often, such items have engraved areas which are hand carved. Over time, they can start to fade, and this method can restore them to their natural beauty.

Gold gilding can be completed on various types of furniture. It can also be completed on those with various types of materials. The process involved various oils that enhance the elements and bring out those natural definitions. Gold leaf is the common element in this process, and it has been used to decorate furniture and various pieces of art for thousands of years.

It is known in many cultures due to the beauty it offers. The reflection of natural sunlight or lighting in a home can help to bring the deep color and the details of the design to life. It is hard not to be in awe of it as you admire the finished appearance. There are plenty of cultures and even social classes around the world where you will find this gold leaf to be found. There is no question it is going to capture the eye of all who see it.

Research indicates the gilding process is very old, and it has a link to many different cultures and backgrounds. The earliest findings of using gold leaf are credited to the Egyptians. They date back to the 23rd Century. While there are some other designs from earlier times, they have been tested. They are actually a type of gold foil rather than gold leaf.

Applying Gold Leaf

As amazing as the gold leaf appearance may be, it takes quite a bit of talent and skill to apply it successfully. The material isn’t easy to work with and it is also expensive. It has to be applied slowly and precisely. When it is completed in such a manner, it will look absolutely flawless! Once of the well-known experts is Bart Bjornberg. He has over 30 years of experience working with Gold Leaf. He has a Master’s of Science in Historic Preservation.

The process of applying gold leaf to any object is referred to a gilding. The layer has to be evenly applied to give it a uniform look when it dries. An adhesive is applied to the surface of the object and then the gold leaf is applied to it. The quality of the adhesive and the gold leaf used significantly influence the outcome and overall appearance. You can’t cut corners with it.

Due to the high cost of gold leaf, some providers of gold gilding use a composition leaf in its place. This is a mix of copper and tin which works well but costs significantly less. Others use mica and bronze powders to create a paint that looks similar to the gold leaf. They can look very good when they are completed, but they will never be able to have the same appeal and beauty as actual gold leaf. The other drawback is they will discolor over time.

The Art of Gold Gilding

It can be exciting to learn the art of gilding. It takes time and patience. You will need the right tools to get quality results. The process involves using very thin sheets of paradox and then transforming it to other materials that look like gold which has been polished. The materials may be delicate, but they are much stronger than you may think. The sheets of gold leaf are quite fragile, so they must be handled carefully.

You should never handle them without gloves on because that can result in them tearing or falling apart. This can happen as you move them from one location to the other. Keep in mind, gold leaf isn’t capable of supporting its own weight! Yet it is truly amazing that the form of gold leaf isn’t going to deteriorate over time or tarnish. The exception to this is if the object it is on becomes unstable at any point.

Methods of Repairing Gilding

There are actually two methods used for the processing of gold leaf. One of them is oil based and the other is water based. Both methods use the same gold. The oil based is often preferred because it offers a very lovely coat on the surface. The process takes less time and it is more forgiving if you aren’t precise with your movements. If you are going to use oil for gold gilding, the surface must be sealed before you begin to apply it.

The sealant is typically made from linseed oil that has been boiled. Make sure the oil is completely dry and the environment of your object is free of just. This process will offer tackiness for the object for the gold leaf to successfully adhere to. If you try to apply the gold leaf before the oil is completely dry, you will ruin it.

Water gilding is often used for wood. A mix of gesso and bole are created. The gesso is animal hide glue and calcium carbonate. The bole is animal or fish based glue with clay. The combined mixture is covered with the gold leaf. You can choose to leave it in a matte state or to give it an burnish look for additional sheen.

It takes far more time and skill to complete the water gilding process. However, the outcome is going to be very detailed and very beautiful. This process tends to be saved for more expensive items. The work should only be completed by someone with a very high level of skill.

Types of Objects for Gold Gilding

There are quite a few objects which can benefit from the gilding process. Some of common ones include:

  • Architectural ornaments
  • Art work
  • Ceramics
  • Furniture
  • Mirror frames
  • Picture frames
  • Sculptures

There are few processes out there for such items that can even come close to the art of gilding. The amount of depth and design they offer is in high demand. The gold works very well with a wide range of colors. The best ones that bring out the design and the color include:

  • Beige
  • Bright white
  • Natural dark brown
  • Pastels
  • Shades of red

Questions for Roofing Contractors in Scranton

  • March 23, 2019

There are plenty of questions you should ask before you hire any roofing company in Scranton. With the information, you can decide who you will use and who you won’t. You want to make sure they are a good fit for your needs. Don’t pick one randomly and then hope it all turns out well. Spending time to gather the facts in advance can help it to go smoothly.

What are the Roofing Companies Credentials?

A combination of skills, dedication, and equipment allow someone to have a successful roofing company. Learn about their credentials including the background of the business. Who owns it and how long have they had it? How much has the business grown and how large is the crew that works for them?

In many locations, it is required for roofing contractors in Scranton to have a license in order to build. Verify that the roofing company does have one and it isn’t expired. You should also do your own homework and verify there isn’t a long list of complaints out there against them.

Safety Protocols

What steps does the business take to ensure overall safety? They should be concerned with the safety of all employees, your structure, and your surroundings. They should have insurance to cover any injuries or if there are any damages to your home that may occur while they complete the work.

Materials That Are Used

Which types of materials do the contractors in Scranton offer? What do they recommend for your structure? The roofers should take the slope of it, the location, and even the neighborhood into consideration. You need to confirm they will offer top quality materials that are useful for your type of roof.

Methods

What methods do the roofers use to remove old roofing materials and haul it away? Never assume they will do this for you! Some roofing contractors in Scranton can only add new materials on top of what already exists and that isn’t good business. Other roofers may remove the old materials but not haul it away for you. Confirm they will do so, never assume it is included.

A great roofing company should take care to protect your landscaping and other surroundings while the work is being done. Learn about the process they engage in to complete the work. This will help to reduce the risk of any stress or problems when the work is being done.

Current Jobs

How many current jobs do they have on their schedule? Is it possible for them to get you scheduled in a reasonable amount of time? If they were to come complete an inspection, could they realistically take on your job too? Roofers in Scranton shouldn’t spread themselves too thin because that can cause them to rush jobs or to be on a time delay.

Warranty

Do the roofers offer any type of warranty for the work they will complete? While the materials the use may have one warranty on them, they may extend it to their work in a separate warranty. This can be a great way to have peace of mind that the work will be done well or they will be held accountable.

Mistakes to Avoid when Working with Businesses in China

  • March 18, 2019

Working with China for your goods as a supplier can help you to save money. However, you must go about it in the right way or you can end up with a mess on your hands. There are common mistakes and pitfalls that can get your US business into trouble and prevent you from thriving. Understanding them from the start can help you to avoid them.

The impact China offers for US based businesses can’t be ignored. It is hard to overlook the ability to get the creation of goods in China for such a cheap labor price compared to the cost of it in the US. This can help a business lower overhead cost and provide their products for less to those within the US. There are wonderful opportunities with Chinese entrepreneurs as they see the value it offers for them as well. Yet there are concerns that have to be addressed to avoid problems later on.

Using the right approach, it is possible to look out for such issues so they don’t become a challenge for your own business. It is possible to work well with a Chinese company to get your goods created to sell in the US. It doesn’t matter if you are a small or large company, the right tactics are going to help you to be successful!

Create your Strategy

You should never work with any Chinese business and just hope for the best. You need to have a clear strategy and you need to make sure you don’t cut corners. You need to explain what you need and verify they can provide it. You need to take your time to find the best supplier possible for your needs. The time you spend evaluating them and narrowing it down can make a world of difference in regard to what you end up with. Some areas you need to evaluate for comparison include:

  • Delivery time
  • Functionality
  • Price
  • Quality

Finding the Best Supplier

Take all the time you need to find the best China supplier. You should learn all you can about them. There is a wealth of information offered on the internet. Check out their websites and their social media accounts. Read feedback from other businesses in the US too and find out who they use. What has their experience been?

Taking your time to verify the right supplier can help you to make a connection that you can count on. They need to offer you overall value, not hassles. Find out about the methods accepted for payment. Inquire about the quality standards and the methods of quality control that would be implemented should you hire them to create your products.

Standards to Hold your Suppliers to

You should never compromise when it comes to quality. The China based businesses you work with represent you. You have to feel confident they will follow through with what they offer and you can be proud to stand behind those products. You will have upset customers and they won’t make future purchases if they quality is lacking. Your goal is to make sure you get customers to return time and time again.

Can they keep up with your production capacity? When your business is just starting out, the China based supplier may have no trouble doing so. However, as your business grows, do they have the ability to keep up with the increased demand for production ongoing? If they are producing more for you, does that diminish the overall quality of the finished products? It is wise to look into such concerns before you hire them.

All of the safety and quality regulations you require need to be put into writing. The Chinese company needs to reply in writing how they will meet or exceed those requirements. Such documentation is going to help reduce the risk of problems or any disputes between your business and theirs in the future. Here are some items to consider when you look into the standards of such suppliers:

  • What quality standards are in place they have agreed to in writing?
  • What is the production capacity?
  • Where in China are they located? Is it close to a major city? Is shipping the items out of there going to be easy?
  • What is the price range with a given supplier?
  • What types of communication do they have in place?
  • What methods of technology will be implemented into the production process?

Verify Performance

Dig deeply into the background of any potential supplier in China. Due diligence has to be verified, and if it isn’t, you need to look for someone else to create your products. You don’t want to be taken advantage of or scammed. This can harm your business and ruin your reputation. Do all you can go gather information and verify performance. Some elements you should look at include:

  • Check reviews from their other customers.
  • Talk to them over the phone to get your questions answered and to confirm what they are willing to do for your business.
  • Verify they are registered and certified. You can use the platform Alibaba to help you find out about such credentials
  • Obtain a copy of their license from the supplier. This will have their business name, address, and other information on it. This is an official document and if they don’t have it or won’t give you a copy, that is a red flag you don’t want to work with them.
  • Verify they are registered with the local government. They need to be registered with the AIC (Administration for Industry). You can get accurate information on a Chinese business by visiting an AIC office. You can also hire legal representation in China to do this on your behalf.
  • Visit with suppliers. It does take time to travel to China, but it can be well worth it. This gives you a chance to meet with potential suppliers one on one. You can talk to them, you can tour their facilities, and you can get your questions answered. You can schedule appointments with several possible suppliers during the same trip to maximize the value.

Protect yourself with Quality and Payments

When you work with Chinese suppliers, you must protect yourself in regard to both quality and payments. Such transactions are going to take place on an International level. How will you get your money back should there be any type of dispute between you and the supplier? You don’t want to risk losing your money.

There are several actions you are encouraged to take that will reduce such a risk. They include:

  • Choose a payment method that is deemed safe for International transactions. They include escrow services or a line of credit through a bank. Avoid any type of wire transfer or the use of a credit card for payment.
  • The level of quality you demand with the products needs to be clearly defined. It also needs to be agreed to in writing by the Chinese provider. The document needs to clarify you can get your money back if the quality is below the agreed upon standards.
  • Your initial orders for goods should be small. Pay for them and see what you get in return. If the quality is there and they are delivered on time, you can increase your orders over time. It is a good idea to have a probationary period in your legal documents. Should you not find it is working out to deal with that supplier in China,  you can end the relationship at the end of that probationary period without any issues.
  • It is a good idea to have more than one source for your goods in China. Should you find one provider suddenly stops meeting the demand, they are offering poor quality, or they want to increase the price you will have other options. You won’t be backed into a corner and at their mercy.

Always get it in Writing

Verbal agreements are going to get you into trouble with any aspect of your business. Always get the information in writing when you work with a Chinese supplier. Make sure it is very detailed and all involved parties have signed it. Any changes or additions alter on will be amendments and require additional signatures and dates to keep them current. You need an attorney to read through it that understands the laws both in the US and China. Keep in mind, the legal structures aren’t the same in both countries!

Your written contract must contain the following to reduce the risk of problems:

  • Arbitration clause
  • Attorney fees
  • Choice of law
  • Dispute resolution process
  • Liability should a party be found to breach the contract
  • Names of all parties involved
  • Payment terms and method
  • Terms including price and logistics
  • Quality control details

No Attorney Involved

Never assume the contract is valid. It may not hold up in a court of law! It is far more complicated with International contracts. You need an attorney to review it and to regulate it. They need to be seasoned in regard to the laws in both countries. They can help you to go through the information and create a draft for all to review. They can also help with the negotiation process so the final contract is agreed upon by all parties and signed.

Such an attorney should be there to discuss any problems with you too. Should you have an issue, they can be part of the arbitration process. Their goal is to help you find a resolution all parties can agree to and get the relationship back on track. They can also help you to gain compensation if the other party is in breach of the contract.

Unaware of FCPA

As a business owner, you need to be well aware of FCPA. Your attorney can help you with this as well. FCPA stands for the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. You never want to get yourself into legal trouble due to:

  • Anti-monopoly regulations
  • Business deals
  • Commercial laws
  • Labor laws
  • IP Regulations
  • Trademark laws

A lack of information on your part isn’t going to get you out of trouble if you don’t comply with FCPA. You need to be very careful with gifts you offer too. You may have been told it is proper etiquette to bring a gift when you work with suppliers in China. However, there can be a thin line between what is deemed as a gift and what is considered to be bribery. This is especially true if there are any foreign government officials receiving such gifts.

No One Speaks Mandarin in your Business

Communication is key for any business relationship to work. You need members on your team who speak Mandarin very well. They can help to translate information and to share details back and forth. It is vital that you don’t have a language barrier in the way between you and your supplier. You can’t guess what they are talking about, you need that information clarified!

Never assume the Chinese based company will have staff who can speak fluent English. If they do, that is great, and you may be able to avoid the Mandarin requirement. However, it can be a great relationship if you can offer that to them. You should have people on your own team that speak it though rather than trying to rely on interpreters.